The poll, which quizzed 2,000 UK adults, was commissioned by environmental campaign group Zero Waste Week.
Pensioners are more likely to be concerned about household waste levels than those in any other age category. Some 85% of people aged 65 and over are concerned about the amount of waste they produce compared to less than three-quarters of people aged between 25 and 34.
People in Eastern England (82%) are the most likely to express concerns about the amount of rubbish that is thrown away, while those living in the North East are the least likely (70%).
The survey revealed that women are more anxious than men about waste, with almost 8 in 10 (79%) females expressing concerns.
“It’s vital that businesses, governments and citizens come together in a bid to call time on the ticking time-bomb that is household waste,” said Zero Waste Week Founder Rachelle Strauss. “This year millions of people around the world are coming together to reduce waste through reuse, recycling and repurposing material so that it can be used for as long as possible.”
Chris Murphy, deputy chief executive of the Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, added: “This poll reveals that Brits are becoming increasingly anxious about the amount of waste they throw away.
“We would like to see public concerns over waste translated into decisive action such as less litter, more recycling, and less food waste.”
Karl Williams, head of the centre for waste management at the University of Central Lancashire, said: “It’s vital that government and industry work together to give consumers the ability to reuse reduce and recycle the waste they produce.”